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Journal of Tax Practice and Procedure – First Circuit Reliance in a Cryptocurrency Summons Enforcement Case Widens the Crack Created in the Anti-Injunction Act by CIC Services, LLC, v IRS by SANDRA BROWN and GARY MARKARIAN

It was a long-held belief that the Anti-Injunction Act barred taxpayers from maintaining any lawsuit that had the effect of interfering with the assessment or collection of any tax. However, the recent Supreme Court decision in CIC Services created a crack in the Government’s use of the Anti-Injunction Act to dismiss cases for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. The First Circuit, relying on the holding in CIC Services, LLC v. IRS, has now, in its ruling in Harper v. Rettig, further widened that crack.

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Sandra R. Brown is a Principal at Hochman Salkin Toscher Perez P.C., and former Acting United States Attorney, First Assistant United States Attorney, and the Chief of the Tax Division of the Office of the U.S. Attorney (C.D. Cal). Ms. Brown specializes in representing individuals and organizations who are involved in criminal tax investigations, including related grand jury matters, court litigation and appeals, as well as representing and advising taxpayers involved in complex and sophisticated civil tax controversies, including representing and advising taxpayers in sensitive-issue audits and administrative appeals, as well as civil litigation in federal, state and tax court. 

Gary Markarian is an Associate Attorney at Hochman Salkin Toscher Perez P.C., and a graduate of the joint JD/LL.M. Taxation program at Loyola Law School, Los Angeles. While in law school, Mr. Markarian served as an intern at the Tax Division of the U.S. Attorney’s Office (C.D. Cal) and Internal Revenue Service Office of Chief Counsel’s Large Business and International Division.

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